Question 6: Verb phrase

“[T]here is no future tense in English” (Börjars and Burridge 2010: 132). In light of this quote, discuss the relationship between tense, aspect, and time. In what ways can learners become confident in both their knowledge of and use of the different ways to refer to future events in English? Illustrate your answer with examples (e.g. of exercises or techniques) where relevant, specifying the classroom context in which they could be implemented. (Note: it is not necessary to include a lesson plan in your answer).

(Recommended reading: Börjars, K. & K. Burridge. 2019. Introducing English Grammar. 3rd ed. Routledge

Verb phrase is a noun with a verb.

The word “phrase” in the context of grammar means a group of words that are used to make up a sentence, and it’s not necessarily a single word. For example, you could say “I’m going to go for a walk.” The subject (I) and object (going) are both nouns, but they’re part of a larger unit called a phrase. You can also have phrases made up of multiple words, such as “the dog ate my homework,” where the subject (“dog”) and object (“my homework”) are two separate words, but together form a phrase.

In your case, “verb phrase” refers to a set of verbs that work together to describe an action or state. It doesn’t necessarily mean one single verb; for example, “He ran away from home” is a verb phrase because there are three different verbs involved: run, away, and home.

It is a noun phrase. A noun phrase consists of a noun followed by zero or more prepositional phrases, adjectives, adverbs, or other modifiers.

In this case, the noun is “word”, which has been modified by the preposition “with”.

This is a noun phrase. Noun phrases consist of a noun followed by any number of modifiers. Here, the noun is “verb phrase” and the modifiers are “a verb” and “a noun”.

This is a verb phrase. Verb phrases consist of a verb followed by any number of modifying elements. Here, the verb is “run” and the modifying elements are “away from” and “home”.


This is a noun phrase.

Noun Phrase Noun + Modifier(s)


1) I am going to eat some food.

2) He was running away from home.

3) She was eating her lunch.

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