The natives during the Revolutionary War

Who were important natives during the war and what is their importance ?

The Revolutionary War was a time of great change in America. Native Americans, such as the Iroquois Confederacy fought for independence from Great Britain; however they did not gain it until 1783 when the Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution. In addition to this, many tribes supported British forces during the conflict. Some native leaders were also involved with the revolution on both sides: Benjamin Franklin negotiated treaties between the United States and several Native American nations, including the Shawnee, Delaware, Wyandot, Mingo, Kickapoo, Ottawa, Chippewa, Miami, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Sac and Fox, Onondaga, Munsee, Seneca, Mohican, Oneida, Tuscarora and others. Many other Native American chiefs had no official role but still contributed to the effort by providing food or otherwise supporting the rebels.

The most famous native leader who participated in the Revolutionary War was Tecumseh, an influential chief of the confederacy known as the Shawnee. He led his people against General George Rogers Clark at the Battle of Tohopeka in 1800. After that battle he became a target of U.S. military operations which culminated in 1811 after the War of 1812 when he was captured near Fort Wayne, Indiana. His execution took place two years later. There are conflicting reports about whether he died resisting arrest or if he committed suicide before being hanged.

Tecumseh’s death marked the end of the Indian resistance movement in North America. The influence of these various groups can be seen today among modern-day Native Americans. They continue to fight for land rights, sovereignty over reservations, and social justice.

In order to understand why Tecumseh played such an important role in the history of the United States, we need to examine his background first. Born around 1768, Tecumseh grew up in Ohio where his father lived. His mother was part Cherokee and his family belonged to the Creek tribe. By age 23, Tecumseh had become one of the leading warriors of the Creeks. At this point, the English began pressuring him to sign a treaty allowing them access to western lands. Although he agreed to some of the terms, he refused to give away any territory without consulting all of the tribal members. When the English attacked his village, killing women and children along with men old enough to fight, Tecumseh fled into exile.

After traveling throughout eastern states, Tecumseh met with fellow Indians and decided to join the rebellion against the English. Together they formed the Shawnee Confederation, whose goal was to drive out the settlers.

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